What is Transactional
Transactional Analysis (TA) is a theory of human development, personality, and
communication. It was founded by Eric Berne (1910-1970).
It has concepts that can be learned and applied as tools for personal
and professional growth and change. The underlying philosophy is one of mutual
self-respect and caring and a belief in peoples' ability to be responsible, think
for themselves and make their own decisions.
TA theories and models are easy to understand and use, and can be related to:
- Personal development
- Working in teams and groups
- Attitudes to self and others, building self esteem
- Personal styles, assertiveness, parenting, discipline
- Positive communication in social and professional spheres
- Learning and transformation
This model describes how we communicate from various aspects of our personality
- as a Controlling Parent (CP), Nurturing Parent (NP), Adult (A), Adapted Child
(AC) or Natural Child (NC)
This model describes the psychological positions we take up resulting in games
and unhealthy relationships. The WINNERS TRIANGLE gives options for change.
WINDOWS ON THE WORLD
This model describes our attitudes to ourselves and others, a respect for our
common humanity, as being OK (+) or not OK (-)
Strokes are units of recognition given and received.
They may be positive or negative and can be for BEING (unconditional) or DOING
Our script is the story of our lives - it is influenced by the big people in our
life when we are growing up.
There are both positive and negative influences from others. We can update our
scripts and begin to live a richer story. We can learn to understand and use our
DISCOUNTING and ACCOUNTING
Discounting is an internal mechanism that involves a person ignoring some
aspect of herself, others, or the situation. This maintains her belief about herself
and life (her script).
Accounting takes notice of the evidence and its significance, and enables
the person to take responsibility to find solutions and act on them. This can
be an empowering process for all concerned.
Symbiosis refers to dependance and counter-dependency. It is defined as when two
or more people behave as though they share one set of ego states between them.
Each person is discounting certain ego states.
can seriously misunderstand what they are not
saying to each other.
How are you going to live
in your future?